Islamabad History

Islamabad (help·info) (Urdu: اسلام آباد; Islām ābād, lit. Abode of Islam) is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. The population of the city has increased from 100,000 in 1951[2] to 1.21 million in 2009.[3][4] The Rawalpindi/Islamabad Metropolitan Area is the third largest in Pakistan with a population of over 4.5 million inhabitants.[5]

Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the north of the country, within the Islamabad Capital Territory. The region has historically been a part of the crossroads of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with Margalla pass acting as the gateway between the two regions.[6] The city was built during the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan’s capital.

Islamabad is a well-organized city divided into different sectors and zones. It was ranked as a Gamma world city in 2008.[7] The city is home to Faisal Mosque, the largest mosque in South Asia and the sixth largest mosque in the world.

Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan[8] and is home to the some of the top ranked universities in Pakistan, including Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences and the National University of Sciences and Technology.[9] Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad is one of the world’s largest universities by enrolment.[10]

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