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Political History of Pakistan

The Birth of Pakistan, 1947
British parliament on July 18, 1947 passed the Indian Independence Act. The Act created two dominions: Indian Union and Pakistan. It also provided for the complete end of British control over Indian affairs from August 15, 1947. Learn More…

The Constitution of 1973
Bhutto government turned towards the arduous task of framing a new constitution for Pakistan. After nearly two years of debate in the Assembly, the new constitution was passed. It was proclaimed on August 14, 1973. Learn More…

Pakistan: A Nuclear Power [May 28, 1998]
On May 28, 1998, Pakistan became a nuclear power when it successfully carried out six nuclear tests at Chaghi, in the province of Balochistan. This was in direct response to five nuclear explosions by India, just two weeks earlier. Learn More…

The Kargil Operation, 1999
One dispute that remains unresolved at the tables of the United Nations is the 52-year-old Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan. This disputed State of Jammu and Kashmir has been a continuous flash point and cause of two wars (1948 and 1965) between the two countries. Learn More…

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Pakistan, one of the biggest Muslim states, is a living monument of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He, with his untiring efforts, indomitable will and dauntless courage united the Indian Muslims under the Muslim League banner and carved out a homeland for them despite stiff opposition from the Hindu Congress and the British government. Learn More…

Allama Iqbal
Allama Iqbal, a great poet-philosopher and an active political leader was born in 1873, in Sialkot in the Punjab. He descended from a family of Kashmiri Brahmins, who had embraced Islam about three hundred years earlier. Learn More…

Fatima Jinnah [1893-1967]
Miss Fatima Jinnah, younger sister of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born in 1893. Of his seven brothers and sisters, she was the closest to the Quaid. Jinnah became her guardian upon the death of their father in 1901. Learn More…

Muhammad Ayub Khan
General Ayub Khan was born on May 14, 1907 in the village of Rehana in Hazara division in NWFP. After his early education in a local school, he completed matriculation in 1922. Learn More…

General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq [1924-88]
General Zia-ul-Haq was born in Jalundhar on August 12, 1924. He was commissioned in the British Army in 1945, serving in Burma, Malaya and Indonesia during the Second World War. Learn More…

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on January 5, 1928. He was the only son of Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto. He completed his early education from Bombay Cathedral High School. Learn More…

 Benazir Bhutto [Born 1953-2007]
Benazir Bhutto, the eldest child of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was born on June 21, 1953 in Karachi. She attended Lady Jennings Nursery School and then Convent of Jesus and Mary in Karachi. She was assassinated on 27th December 2007 in Rawalpindi – Pakistan. Learn More…

Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was born in Lahore, on December 25, 1949. He is the eldest son of Muhammad Sharif, a joint owner of Ittefaq Group of Industries. Learn More…

 General Pervez Musharraf
General Pervez Musharraf, the second of three brothers was born in Dehli on August 11,1943. He spent his early childhood in Turkey (1949-1956) owing to his father’s deputation in Ankara. Learn More…

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